Hungary

Counties of Hungary

Short History

This area has really been a highway over the centuries for many people – Celts, Romans, Huns, Germanic, Slavs and Avars.

  • 895 AD Magyar Conquest
  • 1000 Patrimonial Kingdom
  • 1301 Kingdom of Hungary
  • 1526 Ottoman Empire
  • 1867 Austria- Hungary
  • 1918 Kingdom of Hungary
  • 1944 People’s Republic of Hungary
  • 1989 Hungary
First Hungarian Coin end of 970’s
By Zoltann – http://aranypenz.blog.hu/2011/04/26/istvan_kiraly_penzei, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7464378

Religion

Hungary has no official religion, however the constitution does mention the following: “recognizes Christianity’s nation-building role” and further on : “the state may cooperate with the churches for community goals.”

2011 census shows: Christians (54.2%), being Roman Catholics (Római Katolikusok) (37.1%) and Hungarian Reformed Calvinists (Reformátusok) (11.1%) Lutherans (Evangélikusok) (2.2%), Greek Catholics (1.8%), and other Christians (1.3%).

Jewish (0.1%), Buddhist (0.1%) and Muslim (0.06%) . 27.2% of the population did not declare a religious affiliation while 16.7% irreligious, 1.5% atheist.

Language

Hungarian is the official language . The written language for records only started in the late 1800’s. Latin and German were the most predominant languages,

Culture

Hungarian culture is a good mix of the Hungarian, Roma, German and Jewish populations. It is famous for its embroidery crafts and pottery.

Unesco has designated the following as World Heritage sites:

Genealogy

Hungary is a land locked country and surrounded by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Servia, Croatia and Slovenia.

It is important to know which City, town, village your ancestors came from. Records were created at the local level.

Familysearch.org has Birth/baptism, marriage and death records, some are indexed but many are images only. Ancesty.com and myHeritage also hold records. Many records are image only and have not been indexed as yet.

http://mlp.archivportal.hu/en/ Hungarian Archives Portal holds databases that cover maps, inheritance cases, School registers and more.

https://archivum.asztrik.hu/?q=en covers the the former Bács-Bodrog and the current Bács-Kiskun counties (area between the Danube and the Tisza Rivers) .

https://www.archivesportaleurope.net/topics provides access to information on archival material from different European countries as well as information on archival institutions throughout the continent.

http://www.bogardi.com/gen/ dedicated to genealogy research in Hungary – full of helpful links

http://www.barbsnow.net/Hungary.htm Guide to Researching Hungarian Ancestors

Sources: Familysearch.org ; Wikipedia and above mentioned sites.

Please let us know if you find any broken links, or have suggestions to add links.

by Eva Kujawa